An "immunization campaign" … The flu is normally worse than a cold. While influenza vaccination does not prevent COVID-19, influenza is a serious illness that causes hundreds of deaths each winter in New Zealand, and thousands of hospital admissions and doctor's visits. For everyone else, influenza vaccination will be available from 27 April 2020. Your immune system fights back, launching an attacking force of cytokines and chemokines. 07/07/2019. It contains two influenza strains (A/H1N1 and B/Phuket) that match the current Southern Hemisphere’s strain. Sarah Wiedersehn. The influenza virus spreads very quickly from person to person through touch as well as through the air. You can spread the flu to people, including your family/whanau and friends, who are at most risk of complications. Vaccines are free for pregnant women, those over 65 years and under 65 with certain medical conditions. The vaccine is recommended before winter – peak influenza season usually begins in late May or early June. She puts part of this down to more people knowing they don't need to make a doctor's appointment to get a flu shot as well as increased awareness that getting a flu shot is a way to stay well over winter. New Zealand Influenza Symposium, Wellington, 21 Feb 2019 Crystal White Shield lost her 6-year-old daughter, Allison Eaglespeaker, to flu on December 1. This year, 1.768 million influenza vaccines made for the southern hemisphere were supplied to New Zealand, 400,000 more than were used in 2019. Baker said these groups add up to around 500 deaths per year in New Zealand, a figure higher than last year’s road toll. Bacterial pneumonia is a common secondary infection. For more information, phone 0800 Immune (0800 466 863) or visit Fight Flu. Advertisement Between 184,000 and 221,000 people have been hospitalized with the flu so far this season. If a shoplifter grew a moustache, he would still be easy to recognise and would be ejected. The worst symptoms usually last about 5 days, but coughing can last up to 2–3 weeks. People with circulatory conditions can be affected. "Shift" is a bigger, bolder change. Already 139 people have died and it's predicted this could rise to 4000 by the time the flu season is over. ... More than 50,000 new influenza vaccine doses coming to … "They [flu vaccines] are not causing any dangers to the infants at all. This story was originally published on Newsroom.co.nz and is republished with permission. The same immunity is shared through breast milk, although not as much as during pregnancy. There have been 57 flu-related deaths in the … Former New Zealand Secondary School rugby league representative Zae Wallace has died after losing a battle with a serious infection after catching … A/Brisbane/02/2018 (H1N1)pdm09-like virus, A/South Australia/34/2019 (H3N2)-like virus. Flu season usually peaks around the beginning of August and the vaccine takes around two weeks to work. This is the same for infants, which is why it's important for pregnant or breastfeeding mothers to get vaccinated. Play Video. Wednesday 29 May 2019, 04:20 PM. The four strains chosen are strains likely to effect the southern hemisphere. This leads to suffocation. For those not eligible for funded influenza vaccination, it costs between $25 and $45 depending on the vaccine and provider. In temperate climates such as New Zealand’s, you’re more likely to get the flu in winter. During this process your lungs become collateral damage. While the fourth strain (A/H3N2) is not a good match against the expected Southern Hemisphere strains, it may still offer some residual protection. The 2018 flu vaccine was moderate effective against the flu strain that most circulated this winter. The total death toll for New Zealand is thought to have been about 9000. Māori populations for counties are inclusive of interior boroughs. We should strongly be recommending them.". use skin balm or moisturiser to stop your lips from cracking. This drift or shift can mean a person can get influenza more than once. It only occurs in influenza A virus. Shift is how viruses like swine flu evolved. Influenza can occasionally cause serious complications and death in young children, elderly people, pregnant women or people with long-term health conditions. A significant contributor to this was the number of Maori deaths, believed to be 2,160 – a mortality rate of 42.3 per 1000 [3]. a high fever that doesn’t come down, especially if you are pregnant, purple or bluish discolouration of your lips, skin, fingers or toes, signs of other serious conditions, such as, severely irritable, not wanting to be held, if a baby has dry nappies or no tears when they are crying, it means they are dehydrated. Phone Healthline (0800 611 116) or your doctor if you are concerned or if you: If clinically indicated, your doctor may recommend antiviral medications. If you are unwell, stay at home and rest ideally/preferably in a separate, well ventilated room away from other people. What crosses across the placenta are the mother's natural antibodies into the baby. Practices urged to be ready for heavy flu season after two deaths Zahra. The flu spreads quickly from person to person through touch and through the air. Seek medical advice immediately. Signs and symptoms of influenza can include: It may take between 1–4 days to feel symptoms after you catch influenza. Aspirin should not be given to children under 14 years of age. To date, 1.2 million doses of this season's vaccine have been sold in New Zealand, a similar number to what was sold last year. When a baby or child has influenza, it is important to do the following: Saltwater drops (saline) can be used to treat a stuffy nose. make sure you don’t run out of regular medications. Already this year it's claimed the lives of a 12 year-old, a 20 year-old and a 62 year-old, and reported cases of influenza are sitting at a slightly higher rate than usual. Influenza viruses mutate, in a process called shift and drift. A video series about getting protected against the flu. Other serious conditions can also look like the flu, including meningococcal disease. Published: 27/05/2019Updated: 11 November 2020 4:59 AM. "People might've been brewing a respiratory illness, were given the vaccine and got sick the next day and blame it on the vaccine. This matches the highest recorded number for pediatric flu deaths reported during a regular flu season, which occurred during the 2017-2018 flu season. take appropriate medicines to relieve discomfort and fever if necessary. very young children, especially infants (under 1 year). Flu in NZ and SHIVERS II update Dr.Sue Huang Principal investigator of SHIVERS, SHIVERS-II. Doctors fear as many as 4000 Australians could die from the flu this season New Zealand faces flu vaccine shortage as illness surges. keep the child at home resting until they are well. 3.1 Deaths from pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 in New Zealand from June to November 2009 4 3.2 Number of intensive care admissions from pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 in New Zealand from June to November 2009 13 3.3 Number of consultations and hospitalisations for pandemic influenza A(H1N1) 2009 / ­ University of Otago's professor Michael Baker said often there's another way, which isn't always recorded on death certificates. Safe Travel website If you are aged 65 or over, pregnant, or have a health condition such as diabetes or heart disease that puts you at greater risk of influenza, you can get vaccinated free from 18 March 2020, at a general practice or vaccinating pharmacy. Pregnant women are strongly advised to be immunised as pregnancy places a woman at greater risk of complications from influenza. New Zealand was hit hard by the pandemic with over 8,500 deaths out of a total population of around 1.15 million, yielding a total mortality rate of 7.7 per 1000. Keep at least a week’s supply of food, tissues, and your usual medicines so you don’t need to make trips out in public. (healthed.govt.nz). The population figures are those of the 1916 census. This new shoplifter, with its parents' tricks up its baggy sweatshirt sleeve, would be completely unrecognisable to the shopkeeper. Health care and other essential workers can also be vaccinated early - employers generally fund this for their staff. Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections, not the viral infections that cause influenza. 1 In week nine of 2019, pneumonia and influenza accounted for 7.2% of all the deaths that occurred. The battle in your respiratory system between the virus and T cells can be waged too vigorously. 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Influenza can be caused by different strains of the influenza virus. When the baby is born, it has the mother's antibody protection against flu.". 6 Jun 2019. Wash your hands regularly for at least 20 seconds and dry them for 20 seconds – or use an alcohol-based hand rub. Influenza immunisation is free for pregnant women between April and the end of December, but is recommended before winter if possible. This story was originally published on Newsroom.co.nz and is republished with permission. Visit the Fight Flu website for facts about immunising against the flu when you are pregnant. The flu is much more than a common cold and flu-related illnesses cause around 400 deaths a year in New Zealand. The Measles outbreak of 1999 was actually predicted two years prior. Key points. A 12-year-old and a 62-year-old died from the illness, Counties Manukau District Health Board confirmed to Newshub on Tuesday. Last year 60,000 were given. Improving the population's protection against influenza will improve our ability to manage any increased demand on health services as a result of COVID-19. The vaccine offers protection to infants who would normally be too young (under 6 months) to receive immunisation individually. The influenza vaccine (also called the flu vaccine) is used to prevent infection caused by the influenza (flu) virus. Currently New Zealand has a publicly funded vaccine which gives protection against the predicted four highest circulating strains for the season.The selection of the strains to immunise against is an annual decision made by a World Health Organisation panel. Published 18 December 2019. Symptoms of influenza come on suddenly and can include fever, chills, muscle aches, runny nose, cough and stomach upsets. The flu has killed more than 220 people so far this year, and NSW is one of the worst states hit. You can give it pretty well to anyone except somebody who has a very severe allergic reaction to any component of the vaccine," said director of the Immunisation Advisory Centre Nikki Turner. It is especially important to reduce fever if you are pregnant. If you are unwell, stay at home until you are better. gargle a glass of warm water and/or suck sugarless hard sweets or lozenges to help with sore throats, shower or bathe regularly and keep bedding and nightwear clean and dry. For the 2017-2018 season, 185 pediatric flu deaths were reported. Most people who die are over the age of 65, however Baker said Māori and Pacific people were affected at a higher rate at younger ages. Advice for travellers from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Protect yourself from the flu – get immunised. Fever and chills 2. This makes influenza one of the biggest infectious disease killers in the country. Shift and drift sound like terms more likely to be used in car racing discussions than vaccine ones but the terms are related to why the contents of the vaccine changes regularly. give paracetamol or ibuprofen if they have pain or discomfort in the dose recommended on the package (unless your doctor says otherwise). Available on HealthEd. organising child care if your children need to stay home and you must go to work. Fight Flu "Because of the inflammatory effect of influenza infection, it precipitates heart attacks and strokes. Flu deaths 2019 Australia: Three influenza strains causing deadly flu season. She said this is not possible as it's not a live vaccine. Green Cross Health owns Unichem and Life Pharmacies. Regular hand-washing is important, but a yearly flu shot is likely to be your best bet to avoid whatever viruses happen to be circulating. What is the flu vaccine? We expect it to offer good protection against influenza for people who are healthy and well, particularly for the strains of influenza currently circulating. B/Victoria virus strain circulating in New Zealand during the 2019 season. The 2019–2020 New Zealand measles outbreak refers to an ongoing epidemic affecting New Zealand, though primarily in the Auckland region. So far this year three people - two adults and a child - have died from the flu in Auckland. As flu season applies pressure to hospital resources around the country, there are concerns two patients may have died after catching influenza at Middlemore Hospital ... 2019. It's often your own fingers responsible for giving you the flu. This makes influenza one of the biggest infectious disease killers in the country. * Busy flu season expected to put pressure on health system * Flu kills up to 4000 Americans a week, causing one in 10 deaths * Chart: Cancer is New Zealand's biggest killer Symptoms include fever, chills, aches, runny nose, a cough and stomach upset. These extra deaths were associated with the flu epidemic. Influvac Tetra (Saison 19/20) is approved for use among healthy people aged 3 to 64 and will be available to purchase through general practices, pharmacies and occupational health services. If your fingers have touched something a sick person has sneezed or coughed on, chances are - inadvertently - your fingers will end up near your nose, eyes or mouth at some point before you wash them thoroughly. Mothers who receive the influenza vaccine while pregnant can pass protection on to their baby. However, she said this attitude generally changes once people have experienced a bad case of the flu. The majority of reports in 2019 were submitted by nurses (68.6 percent), followed by GPs (14.9 percent) and pharmacists (9.2 percent). Look out for signs of dehydration such as dizziness when standing, and not passing urine regularly. As part of its response to COVID-19, the Ministry of Health is prioritising vaccination of those at greatest risk of influenza in 2020. If you have an existing medical condition: Can I get a free flu vaccine? You should get help if your baby or child is: If you have any worries about yourself or someone you are caring for, call Healthline (0800 611 116) for advice or see a doctor, even if you have called or been seen before. (Symptoms for different types of flu are the same.) While influenza vaccination does not prevent COVID-19, influenza is a serious illness that causes hundreds of deaths each winter in New Zealand, and thousands of hospital admissions and doctor's visits. Some people get very sick – influenza causes deaths every year. make sure you take medications for any condition to keep them under good control. If you're lucky, you'll feel like you've been hit by a bus, spend an uncomfortable week in bed, and recover. She has encouraged every one at the Stokes Valley resthome she works in to be immunised after being hospitalised in February. She said people seem to think the vaccine should always be 100 per cent effective. The most effective way of avoiding the flu is not chopping your fingers off or putting a cone on your head to remind you not to touch your face, it's vaccination. 7:53 pm on 6 June 2019. While influenza vaccination does not prevent COVID-19, influenza is a serious illness that causes hundreds of deaths each winter in New Zealand, and thousands of hospital admissions and doctor's visits. Tracey Sully is vaccinated for the flu. who could look after your extended family if they don’t live nearby (eg, who could deliver groceries or meals to sick family members). In the tenth week of 2019… But we do know that [for] healthy children and healthy adults, it's more like 60 to over 60 per cent effective.". Region: Northland; Auckland That's a coincidental effect.". August 21, 2020 – CDC today reported one new seasonal flu-related death in a child that occurred during the 2019-2020 season, bringing the total number of flu deaths in children reported to CDC for last season to 188. Around 880,000 (80%) of these people were asymptomatic carriers who could have spread the virus among their family, co-workers, classmates and patients without ever realising it. Most people who die are over the age of 65, however Baker said Māori and Pacific people were affected at a higher rate at younger ages. Shahtahmasebi. In New Zealand, flu season occurs in the winter - flu outbreaks can happen as early as April and can last as late as October. More often, opportunistic bacteria will infect lungs weakened by influenza. The seasonal influenza vaccine is altered most years to cover the particular strains of the virus that are circulating each year. Older people, young children, pregnant women, and people with certain medical conditions are at a higher risk of developing serious complications from influenza, such as pneumonia. Unfortunately, people are still dying from the flu. Influenza (flu) can sometimes be confused with the common cold, but having the flu is usually much worse than having a cold. Baker said these groups add up to around 500 deaths per year in New Zealand, a figure higher than last year's road toll. These tables contain provisional information on the underlying causes of all deaths registered in New Zealand in 2017. Sun 7 Jul 2019 23.35 EDT Last modified on Mon 8 Jul 2019 00.36 EDT. The second and more deadly wave of a new strain of influenza arrived in New Zealand in October 1918. Look after yourself and your family – rest and fluids are especially important. Call a doctor if your baby or child’s breathing is fast or noisy or if they are wheezing or grunting. They replace the After your flu immunisation leaflet and Avoid flu during pregnancy brochure used prior to 2019. There's another reason too. "Vaccine effectiveness overall comes out at around 50 per cent. When the results were applied to the New Zealand population in 2015, around 1.1 million people (26%) would have been infected with influenza. Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. The mother will create antibodies. Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze – then put the tissue in a lined bin. Information about the medicines funded in New Zealand. increase the frequency of breastfeeding or the amount of other fluids they drink. This reporter pattern is similar to previous years. The 2009 outbreak is estimated to have killed between 151,700 and 575,400 people. This is because there are a number of influenza viruses and so far, a vaccine hasn't been made which covers all the various strains. The catch is how well it will work. Respiratory illness can also be a post-influenza killer. Influenza – or the flu – is a virus that spreads quickly from person to person. 2,900 more people than expected died during the epidemic period. Many of those people collapse and die suddenly outside of hospital, or perhaps in a rest or nursing home, or maybe in their own home.". Imagine you are a shopkeeper with photos on your wall of repeat shoplifters you try to keep out of your store. These are the facts about flu immunisations, and why you should consider the annual flu jab. Baker said these groups add up to around 500 deaths per year in New Zealand, a figure higher than last year's road toll. "If you give it to the mother in pregnancy, the mother will have an immune response to the vaccine. "This is not a live vaccine. If you're unlucky you might experience a complication, such as a secondary infection, or death. Know the danger signs that mean you should seek urgent medical attention (see Symptoms). The flu can cause serious illness, especially in young children, the elderly and people with chronic health problems, but anyone can become seriously ill from the flu virus. As part of its response to COVID-19, the Ministry of Health is prioritising vaccination of those at greatest risk of influenza in 2020. READ MORE: * Young league player Zae Wallace dies from infection caused by flu * GP clinics, pharmacies now stocking this year's flu vaccine * Now is the best time to get a flu vaccination * Fighting the flu: Long-time researcher on his 'worthy foe'. These provided protection against: As at 21 May 2020, over 775,000 eligible people have been vaccinated against influenza. What someone suffered from or was vaccinated against last year might not give them immunity to this year's strain. care for the child in a separate, well-ventilated room away from other people. You shouldn't be dying from influenza in those age groups, but that's where we see really high rates in those Māori and Pacific people.". Parents urged to vaccinate children against flu. Mucous forms in your lungs and you begin to cough. Worldwide, influenza is estimated to kill between three and five million people each year, with another 290,000 to 650,000 dying of respiratory illness related to influenza. They change their appearance to escape any antibodies which might remember them. "You don't want anybody dying of influenza, but you don't want people dying in that late middle-age period of 45 to 70. Director, WHO National Influenza Centre. zshahtahmasebi@nzdoctor.co.nz. If you are undergoing chemotherapy, getting a flu shot won't harm you, but your body might not develop antibodies. It is also important to seek medical advice early if you are concerned, and especially if there are any danger signs, even if you have been seen before. Once the influenza virus has gained access to your body via your unwashed fingers, it goes on a Grand Theft Auto-like spree of destruction. The list of eligible health conditions is available at the Fight Flu website. Kidshealth Deaths from flu 'under-measured' In New Zealand three people have died this season; rugby league player Zae Wallace, 20, and two people in Auckland - a 62-year-old and a 12-year-old. So far this year there have been 131,000 flu cases across Australia and 287 deaths … Developed by the Starship Foundation and the Paediatric Society of New Zealand. It is important to drink small amounts of fluids often. Immunisation is your best defence against the flu. Immunisation Advisory Centre's Nikki Turner said one of the most common reasons she hears for not getting the vaccine is: "I had the flu vaccine, but I got the flu anyway.". • After your child is immunised (HE1504), •After your immunisation ( HE2505) for teenagers and adults, and • Data sheets for AFLURIAImmunise during pregnancy (HE2503) QUAD JUNIORalso available People at higher risk of developing complications if they get influenza include: People aged 65 and over, pregnant women, people with certain chronic conditions and young children with a history of severe respiratory illness are eligible for free influenza immunisation – the list of eligible health conditions is available at the Fight Flu website. If a person you are caring for is less responsive than normal, unusually quiet, or confused, you should call a doctor urgently. Only registered Māori deaths are listed, and these are not available for some districts. While you’re unwell, stay away from work or school. To meet high demand among those not eligible for funded influenza vaccine, the Ministry of Health and Pharmac have successfully secured a further 360,000 doses of Influvac Tetra (Saison 2019/2020) from the Northern Hemisphere, which will begin distribution from 25 May. The list of eligible health conditions is available at the Fight Flu website. Since 2011, trained pharmacists have also been allowed to administer the vaccine. A new monitoring system that enables people to help us track flu across New Zealand. In 2016, the pharmacies gave 18,000 vaccinations. reduce fever by using a damp cloth on their forehead, washing their arms and body with a cool cloth, bathing them in slightly warm water. Small changes known as "drift" can occur in both influenza A and B viruses. Institute of Environmental Science and Research. If too much lung tissue is destroyed in the fight, the lungs become incapable of delivering oxygen to blood. If you’re at higher risk, it is important to see your doctor early, to find out if you need treatment. Albert Redmore ... A 13-year old girl has died just days after coming down with flu-like symptoms.
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