This tradition was apparently derived from the Byzantine sources, particularly Nicetas of Paphlagonia (died c. 890) who asserts that "Andrew preached to the Iberians, Sauromatians, Taurians, and Scythians and to every region and city, on the Black Sea, both north and south." However, there was an abrupt end to this when James II of Scotland introduced a ban on the playing of golf. He officially became Scotland’s patron saint in the 1320 Declaration of Arbroath. However, the Gospel of John tells a separate story, stating Andrew was a disciple of John the Baptist. For the sake of the country and our souls, Catholics must embrace Word of God Sunday (which falls on Jan. 24 this year) as an opportunity to dedicate our lives to discipleship of Jesus Christ and be led by him to transform the political order. Jesus, however, knew how to make them sufficient for the multitude of people who had come to hear him. Some very ancient traditions not only see Andrew, who communicated these words to the Greeks, as the interpreter of some Greeks at the meeting with Jesus recalled here, but consider him the Apostle to the Greeks in the years subsequent to Pentecost. To emphasize this relationship, my Predecessor Pope Paul VI, in 1964, returned the important relic of St Andrew, which until then had been kept in the Vatican Basilica, to the Orthodox Metropolitan Bishop of the city of Patras in Greece, where tradition has it that the Apostle was crucified. St. Andrew is venerated in Georgia as the first preacher of Christianity in that territory and in Cyprus for having struck the rocks creating a gush of healing waters upon landing on the shore. Today it is another of the main centres of commerce in the Corporate Area. Jesus wants to say: Yes, my meeting with the Greeks will take place, but not as a simple, brief conversation between myself and a few others, motivated above all by curiosity. St. Andrew was one of Jesus’ closest disciples, but many people know little about him. But it wasn’t until 1320 when Scotland declared independence with the Declaration of Arbroath that he officially became Scotland’s patron saint. So it is that in life and in death they appear as true brothers -- a brotherhood that is symbolically expressed in the special reciprocal relations of the See of Rome and of Constantinople, which are truly Sister Churches. Per Christian tradition, Andrew went on to preach the Good News around the shores of the Black Sea and throughout what is now Greece and Turkey. Andrew, along with Peter, James and John formed the inner circle of Jesus’ 12 apostles. 4) Why is it ironic that Andrew would be more distant? Scotland celebrates St Andrew's Day on Monday, with a bank holiday and festivities across the country. He was the brother of St. Peter, who was also known as Simon bar-Jonah. According to the New Testament, Andrew was born in the village of Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee during the early first century. Pope Benedict XVI commented: The first striking characteristic of Andrew is his name: It is not Hebrew, as might have been expected, but Greek, indicative of a certain cultural openness in his family that cannot be ignored. (Mk 13: 1-4). A later tradition, as has been mentioned, tells of Andrew's death at Patras [in Greece], where he too suffered the torture of crucifixion. When Philip wanted to speak to Jesus about Greeks seeking him, he spoke to Andrew first. Andrew, then, was the first of the Apostles to be called to follow Jesus. Jesus said to the two disciples and, through them, to the Greek world: "The hour has come for the Son of man to be glorified. Here are five little-known facts to mark the national day. Here are 11 things to know and share . 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